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<p>Jimmy Carter signs the Humphrey-Hawkins Bill, October 27, 1978 (via Jimmy Carter Library and National Archives and Records Administration, <a href="">NAID 182117</a>)&nbsp;</p>

Various pieces of legislation have shaped the Fed’s structure and policy mandates.

President Obama Signs the Dodd-Frank Act
Dodd-Frank Act

This wide-ranging legislation was signed by President Obama in 2010

Jim Leach, R-Iowa, Phil Gramm, R-Texas, and Thomas J. Bliley Jr., R-Va., during a press conference on their compromise bill.
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act

The 1999 Act promoted financial integration by repealing parts of the Glass-Steagall Act while giving the Fed new supervisory powers

<p>Graphic from the Board of Governors <a href="">website</a>
in 2005. </p>
Home Ownership and Equity Protection Act of 1994

HOEPA addresses unfair, deceptive, or abusive mortgage lending practices

President Clinton signs the Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994 as Senate Banking Committee Chairman Don Riegle and Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentson look on.
Riegle-Neal Act

The 1994 law removed many of the restrictions on bank branching across state lines

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Building in Washington, D.C.

The 1991 Act was intended to address problems in the banking and thrift industries

President Ronald Reagan signs the Garn-St. Germain Act in the White House Rose Garden surrounded by administration officials and members of Congress.
Garn-St Germain Act

The 1982 Act aimed to ease pressures on depository institutions as the Fed acted to curb inflation

Chairman Volcker speaks at a meeting of administration officials and congressional leaders in 1980
Monetary Control Act

The 1980 Act was one of the most important laws to affect the Fed in its 100-year history

Senator Muriel Humphrey shakes hands with President Jimmy Carter after the signing of the Humphrey-Hawkins Act
Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act

Commonly called Humphrey-Hawkins, the 1978 Act set new goals for the nation’s economic policymakers

Fed Chairman&nbsp;Arthur Burns (left) with President Jimmy Carter, future Fed Chairman G.&nbsp;William Miller, and Miller's wife&nbsp;Ariadna&nbsp;Miller&nbsp;
Federal Reserve Reform Act

This 1977 law was instrumental in shaping the current Fed

Masthead from the Summer 1993 Kansas City Fed community affairs newsletter&nbsp;
Community Reinvestment Act

The Federal Reserve and other federal banking agencies have implemented the CRA since its passage in 1977

Dwight D. Eisenhower Speaking to the Press
Bank Holding Company Act

In 1956, Congress gave the Fed increased oversight of the banking industry

President Harry Truman Signs Employment Act of 1946
Employment Act

President Truman signed the Act in 1946 in the aftermath of WWII

President Roosevelt chats with various politicians and administration officials as he signs the Banking Act of 1935.
Banking Act of 1935

This legislation restructured the Fed in both cosmetic and consequential ways

President Roosevelt signs the Gold Reserve Act
Gold Reserve Act

The 1934 law was the culmination of FDR’s controversial gold program

President Roosevelt signs the Glass-Steagall Act alongside the bill's co-sponsors, Senator Carter Glass and Representative Henry Steagall, and others.
Banking Act of 1933

Commonly called Glass-Steagall, the Act was widely debated before its enactment

President Franklin&nbsp;Roosevelt signing the Emergency Banking Act
Emergency Banking Act

The 1933 law was aimed at restoring public confidence in the nation’s financial system

President Herbert Hoover and reconstruction leaders meet in Washington on February 6, 1932, to discuss the president's contemplated campaign against national hoarding
Banking Act of 1932

The Banking Act of 1932 reformed the Federal Reserve’s role providing credit during economic downturns.

<p>Clerks at the Reconstruction Finance Corporation computing interest on RFC loans, c. 1937</p>
Reconstruction Finance Corporation Act

During the years 1932 and 1933, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation effectively served as the discount lending arm of the Federal Reserve Board.

The Honorable Louis McFadden
McFadden Act

The Fed’s success led to this legislation in 1927, which rechartered the Federal Reserve Banks in perpetuity among other items

<p>President Wilson signing the Federal Reserve Act&nbsp;</p>
Federal Reserve Act Signed

The Federal Reserve Act became law in December 1913, culminating three years of debate