Skip top navigation

Explore the Federal Reserve's History

The First Bank of the United States, which opened its doors in Philadelphia in 1791.

First Bank of the U.S.

Hamilton's grand experiment in central banking began in 1791

Understand key economic events that impacted U.S. History.

Topic Time Period

Featured Person

Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton

Hamilton served as the first U.S. Secretary of the Treasury and helped establish the nation’s early financial infrastructure.

Learn about the people who helped shape the Federal Reserve.


The Fed's Functions

Federal Reserve Building

Did you know that the Fed's responsibilities include conducting monetary policy, supervising and regulating and providing services to financial institutions?

Learn More

Essays By Topic

Below are the essays by topic on the Federal Reserve History website.

View More