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Explore the Federal Reserve's History

Painting of President Woodrow Wilson signing the Federal Reserve Act of 1913

Federal Reserve Act Signed

President Wilson signed the Act in December 1913, culminating three years of debate

Understand key economic events that impacted U.S. History.

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Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson

Less than a year into his presidency, Wilson helped navigate the Federal Reserve Act through Congress to its passage in 1913.

Learn about the people who helped shape the Federal Reserve.


The Fed's Functions

Federal Reserve Building

Did you know that the Fed's responsibilities include conducting monetary policy, supervising and regulating and providing services to financial institutions?

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Essays By Topic

Below are the essays by topic on the Federal Reserve History website.

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