Skip top navigation
U.S. monetary and banking policy before the creation of the Fed
The United States made several attempts to regulate banks and manage the money supply at a national level before the creation of the Federal Reserve System.

The 1910 gathering that laid the Fed’s foundations
Meeting at Jekyll Island

The 1910 gathering that laid the Fed’s foundations

The story of the crash that inspired monetary reform
Panic of 1907

The story of the crash that inspired monetary reform

The late 19th century was beset by panics
Banking Panics of the Gilded Age

The late 19th century was beset by panics

The nation made its second attempt at creating a central bank in 1816
Second Bank of the U.S.

The nation made its second attempt at creating a central bank in 1816

Hamilton's grand experiment in central banking began in 1791
First Bank of the U.S.

Hamilton's grand experiment in central banking began in 1791