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Archibald C. Kains

Archibald C. Kains

  • Governor, FRB San Francisco, 1914–1917
  • Born: November 24, 1865
  • Died: December 26, 1944

Archibald C. Kains served as the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco’s first governor (a position that was later redesignated president) when it opened on November 16, 1914, and resigned on July 6, 1917.

Kains was born in 1865, in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. He attended the Collegiate Institute in London, Ontario, and began his banking career in 1882 at the Canadian Bank of Commerce in the same city. He moved to Vancouver in 1900 to assist in the merger of the Bank of British Columbia and the Canadian Bank of Commerce.

Kains worked at the Canadian Bank of Commerce for twenty-five years. He was manager of the San Francisco branch for several years when, in 1908, he was unanimously elected the San Francisco Clearing-house Association’s first clearing-house examiner. According to a San Francisco Chronicle article from March 7, 1908, “The new official will have the same power over the banks under his supervision that the State bank commissions have over all banks in the State, and the books of all the banks will be open at all times to his scrutiny.”

The new position gave Kains supervisory power over member banks in order to avoid failures like that of the California Deposit and Trust Company, which closed its doors in October 1907 holding nearly $9 million in depositors’ money. “The new plan,” said the Chronicle, “will make it impossible for such a thing as the recent failure of the California Safe Deposit and Trust Company to occur.” The Chronicle also noted that Chicago had adopted a similar plan and St. Louis was considering one. In 1909, Kains spoke about “Clearing House Examination of Banks” at the California Bankers’ Association’s 15th Convention.

While Kains was governor of the San Francisco Fed, Secretary of the Treasury William McAdoo appointed him as a financial advisor to the US Section of the International High Commission. The commission was created during the May 1915 Pan-American Financial Congress in order to open up new opportunities for foreign trade. In April 1916, US delegates including Kains toured South America and met in Buenos Aires for the annual meeting of the commission. The San Francisco Chronicle noted on March 2, 1916, that President Woodrow Wilson’s Administration considered the tour “an important step toward development of closer relations among the American Republics.”

Also during his tenure at the San Francisco Fed, Kains served as chairman of the Twelfth Federal Reserve District’s first Liberty Loan committee.

Kains left the Federal Reserve to be president of the American Foreign Banking Corporation of New York, a new organization specializing in financing imports and exports. After four years, he served as president of the Federal International Banking Company of New Orleans. When that bank was dissolved in 1925, he retired and moved back to Canada.

Kains died in Ottawa in 1944.


Archibald Kains, Retired Bank President, Dies. Ottawa Citizen (newspaper), December 26, 1944. Retrieved from Google Books.

Examiner for Clearing House is Appointed. San Francisco Chronicle, March 7, 1908.

Person's File – K. Committee on the History of the Federal Reserve System, Brookings Institution. 1954.

CALIFORNIA BANK CLOSES. Safe Deposit and Trust Company of San Francisco Pressed for Cash. New York Times, October 31, 1907.

California Safe Deposit and Trust Company Declared Hopelessly Insolvent. The San Francisco Call, December 8, 1907.

STATE FINANCIERS PREPARE FOR RALLY. The San Francisco Call, May 14, 1909.

Archibald C. Kains to Go On Trip With U. C. Financiers. San Francisco Chronicle, March 2, 1916.

Heads Bank Project Here: Archibald Kains Resigns Federal Post in San Francisco. New York Times, July 7, 1917.

World Wide Service Scope of New York Bank. New York Times, July 10, 1917.

ARCHIBALD C KAINS: Retired Bank President Held Post Here and in New Orleans. New York Times, December 27, 1944.

Annual Report of the Federal Reserve Board. Federal Reserve Board, 1916. (Kains mentioned on page 456)

Federal Reserve Bulletin. Federal Reserve Board, June 1917. (Kains mentioned on page 438)

Written by the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. See disclaimer.

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