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Explore the Federal Reserve's History

A long bread line stretches down a New York City street during the Great Depression.

Great Depression

The worst downturn in US history lasted from 1929 to 1941

Understand key economic events that impacted U.S. History.

Topic Time Period

Featured Person

Marriner S. Eccles

Marriner S. Eccles

As head of the Federal Reserve Board, Eccles helped reshape the Fed during the Great Depression.

Learn about the people who helped shape the Federal Reserve.


The Fed's Functions

Federal Reserve Building

Did you know that the Fed's responsibilities include conducting monetary policy, supervising and regulating and providing services to financial institutions?

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Essays By Topic

Below are the essays by topic on the Federal Reserve History website.

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