Frederick L. Deming
- President, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, 1957–1965
Frederick L. Deming became president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis on April 1, 1957, at the age of forty-four. At that time he was the youngest person to be named president of a Reserve Bank.
Deming was born in Des Moines, Iowa in 1912. He spent his early childhood in Calumet in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, and from the age of nine he lived in St. Louis, where he received his bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees in economics from Washington University.
Deming came to Minneapolis from the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, which he joined in the summer of 1941 as assistant manager of the Research Department; his final position there was first vice president.
As first vice president at the St. Louis Fed, Deming took an interest in ensuring the efficiency of the operating departments through some reorganization and shuffling of bank officers, and he oversaw the completion of an eight-story addition to the bank building to accommodate a growing staff that could again be housed under one roof. But as an economist, he focused on monetary policy issues, writing his own speeches and comments for Federal Open Market Committee meetings.
During his eight years as president, Deming took an active role in FOMC and Board of Governors activities. In an interview celebrating the seventy-fifth anniversary of the Federal Reserve System, Deming said, “When William McChesney Martin became chairman in 1951, he brought the presidents into monetary policy formulation.” He added, “Those were golden years for monetary policy, both because it was used and because it was effective. In the Eisenhower years it was the principal instrument of flexible economic policy; in the Kennedy-Johnson years fiscal policy grew in importance, but monetary policy was still a key factor.” 1
Deming resigned from the Minneapolis Fed in 1965, when he was appointed by President Lyndon Johnson to be undersecretary of the treasury for monetary affairs. When he left the Treasury, his successor there was Paul Volcker.
He then spent a few years with Lazard Freres, a global investment firm, before returning to Minneapolis as president of National City Bancorporation, a post he held until his retirement in 1982.
Deming died in 2003 at the age of ninety in Fort Myers, Florida.
Written by the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. See disclaimer.