FederalReserveHistory.org ("Web Site") is operated by the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond on behalf of the Federal Reserve Banks and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System ("Board"). This Web Site is designed to provide information about Federal Reserve history and services and allows users to access documents, photographs, articles, and other materials for informational and educational purposes. By using this Web Site or the information, data or materials provided on this Web Site, you acknowledge and agree to the following terms and conditions. If you do not agree to these terms and conditions, do not use this Web Site.
The Federal Reserve’s History Web Gateway contains biographies of key individuals and essays on major events in the Fed’s history. The views expressed in these articles are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the Federal Reserve System. The Federal Reserve Banks and the Board take reasonable measures to ensure the quality of the information made available on this Web Site. The Federal Reserve Banks and the Board may periodically update the information but make no commitment to do so. Any conclusions that users draw from the information presented here are theirs and are not to be attributed to any Federal Reserve Bank or the Board. The views expressed on this Web Site may not necessarily reflect the views of any Federal Reserve Bank or the Board.
The Web Site may provide relevant links to Web Sites outside of the Federal Reserve Banks and the Board (hereafter "External Web Sites") as an additional resource for users. External Web Sites may also link to this Web Site (External Web Sites that are linked to this Web Site or that are linked to by this Web Site shall be referred to as "Linked Web Sites"). Linked Web Sites are not under the control of the Federal Reserve Banks or the Board. Linked Web Sites may contain material that is protected under copyright or other laws with restrictions on use. Neither the Federal Reserve Banks nor the Board make any warranty, express or implied, nor assume any liability or responsibility for any information that is available on any Linked Web Site. Neither inclusion of links to External Web Sites nor External Web Sites' inclusion of links to this Web Site imply any Federal Reserve Bank's or the Board's sponsorship, endorsement, recommendation or approval of the Sites, the entities or organizations managing the Sites, any views expressed on the Sites or any products or services offered.
Neither the Federal Reserve Banks nor the Board warrant that any information contained on this Web Site does not defame any individual or entity or infringe upon any individual's or entity's rights of privacy or publicity.
NEITHER THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS NOR THE BOARD PROVIDE ANY WARRANTY, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO THE ACCURACY, TIMELINESS, COMPLETENESS, MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE, QUALITY AND NON-INFRINGEMENT OF ANY INFORMATION ON THIS WEB SITE. ALL INFORMATION, DATA AND MATERIALS ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. NEITHER THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS NOR THE BOARD SHALL BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT OR INDIRECT, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY OTHER KIND OF DAMAGES WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION, LOSS OF INFORMATION, OR ATTORNEYS' FEES) THAT ARE IN ANY WAY DUE TO, RESULTING FROM, OR ARISING IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF, OR INABILITY TO USE INFORMATION AVAILABLE FROM THIS WEB SITE, REGARDLESS OF WHETHER A FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OR THE BOARD HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE, INCLUDING LIABILITY FOR ANY VIRUSES WHICH MIGHT INFECT A USER'S COMPUTER SYSTEM.
This Web Site is controlled and operated by the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond from its office in the United States of America. By entering this Web Site you acknowledge and agree that this Web Site will only be construed and evaluated according to the laws of the United States. If you use this Site from other locations you are responsible for compliance with any and all applicable laws of that or any other applicable location.
This Site contains copyrighted material, trademarked material and other proprietary information, including but not limited to text, software, graphics, logos and button icons that are the property of the Federal Reserve Banks, the Board, or third parties. Users may not reproduce, modify, publish, transmit, participate in the transfer or sale of, create derivative works from or in any way exploit any of the content, in whole or in part, of any copyrighted, trademarked or proprietary information owned by Federal Reserve Banks or third parties, except as expressly authorized by the Federal Reserve Banks or the third parties. Neither the Federal Reserve Banks nor the Board can grant permission to use copyrighted material, trademarked material or other proprietary information owned by third parties.
Any unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, to defeat or circumvent security measures or to utilize this Web Site for reasons other than its intended purposes are prohibited.
The Federal Reserve Banks do not permit the use of their name in advertising, as an endorsement for any product or service, or for any other commercial purpose.
Trademark and Service Mark Notices
The following are marks owned by one or more of the Federal Reserve Banks:
- The Centennial Logo is a registered trademark of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
The following are marks of companies not affiliated with the Federal Reserve Banks:
- "Adobe," "Acrobat" and "Reader" are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated.
- "Microsoft," "Windows," "Windows 2000," "Windows ME," "Windows NT," "Windows Vista," "Windows Media," "SharePoint" and "Internet Explorer" are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Other product names and company names referenced may be either trademarks or service marks of their respective companies.
The Federal Reserve Banks and the Board undertake to obey all relevant copyright laws, and do not permit copyright infringing activities and infringement of intellectual property rights on their websites. The Federal Reserve Banks and the Board will review all claims of copyright infringement received and remove content deemed to have been posted or distributed in violation of any such laws.
If you have any complaints or objections to content posted on this Web Site because it was not properly credited or it was posted without permission and you are the copyright owner, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org with your contact information and link to the relevant content.
Reference to Third Parties and Third Parties' Products and Services
The Federal Reserve Banks and the Board do not sponsor, endorse or recommend any third party or any third party products and/or services used on or by this Web Site or referenced on or by this Web Site.
Consent to Monitoring
We monitor this site for unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, to defeat or circumvent security measures, or to utilize this site for other than its intended purposes. By using this site you expressly consent to such monitoring and you are advised that if such monitoring reveals possible evidence of criminal activity, we will provide the evidence of such monitoring to law enforcement officials.
We are committed to making this Web Site accessible to all users and ensuring that it meets or exceeds the requirements of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act.
Many of the documents on our web server are in HTML and are usually accessible to screen-reading software. We also have a large number of documents in Adobe Acrobat Portable Document Format (PDF) and PostScript (.ps), types that reproduce the exact look of a printed page. PDF documents are displayed through Adobe's free Acrobat Reader, but may require additional steps to become accessible to screen readers. PostScript files can be saved electronically and sent directly to a printer.
When documents are provided in multiple formats, at least one version is designed to be accessible to users of assistive technology.
- Generally, HTML and plain text documents are accessible through the web browser.
- PDF documents are accessible through Adobe Reader. Download the free Adobe Reader.
If you are seeking a document that is not accessible to you from this web site or want to obtain a paper copy of it, you may submit a request by e-mail to email@example.com.
Federal Reserve History Webmaster
Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond
701 E. Byrd Street
Richmond, Virginia 23219