1929: Great DepressionThe Great Depression period is 1929 through 1941.
1929: Stock Market Crash of 1929On Black Monday, October 28, 1929, the Dow declined nearly 13 percent.
1930: 1930-31 Banking PanicsIn the fall of 1930, the economy appeared to be poised for recovery.
1931: 1931-33 Banking PanicsThe nature of the financial crisis changed in the fall of 1931, when the commercial banking crisis spread throughout the entire nation.
1932: Banking Acts of 1932The banking acts of 1932 responded to concerns about the structure and mission of the Federal Reserve.
1933: Bank Holiday DeclaredFor an entire week, Americans would have no access to banks or banking services.
1933: Emergency Banking ActEmergency Banking Act was intended to restore Americans' confidence in banks when they reopened after the 1933 Bank Holiday
1933: Roosevelt's Gold ProgramThe Roosevelt administration's policies regarding gold and dollars were controversial and consequential.
1933: Glass-Steagall ActThe Banking Act of 1933, commonly called Glass-Steagall, was signed into law on June 16, 1933.
1934: Gold Reserve ActThe Gold Reserve Act of 1934 was signed by President Roosevelt on January 30, 1934.
1935: Banking Act of 1935The Banking Act of 1935, which President Roosevelt signed on August 23, completed the restructuring of the Federal Reserve.
1937: Recession of 1937-38According to the NBER, the 1937 contraction, which lasted from May 1937 until June 1938, was America’s third-worst recession of the twentieth century, paling in comparison to the 1920 and 1929 downturns.